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smooth sumac leaves

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Finely ground leaves and stems provide the dyeing and tanning agent sumac. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Its foliage of shiny, deeply dissected, fern-like, deep green leaves, 18 in. In North America, the smooth sumac (R. glabra) and the staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are sometimes used to make a beverage termed "sumac-ade", "Indian lemonade", or "rhus juice". You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Staghorn sumac parts were used in similar medicinal remedies. Statewide. A variety known as Staghorn Sumac has smooth branches likened to the velvet on a deer’s antlers – thus the name Staghorn. In comparison, the leaves of black locust, sycamore maple, European white birch, red gum, and white oak were retained under short days if the temperature did not drop (Kramer, 1936; Wareing, 1954). Found in moist but not wet conditions. Dioecious. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Smooth_Sumac_Leaves_Fall_Color_9-1993.jpg, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. The leaflets are dark green and smooth above, and pale beneath, except along the midrib. The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is a sparse ly branched shrub not more than 15 feet tall. Smooth Sumac has none of the hair on the leaves. The Natchez used the root of fragrant sumac to treat boils. Leaflets are narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Flower Description: Clusters of flowers are small, yellow-green and each flower forms into a … Fall Color is a stunning yellow to orange-red-purple combinations. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. Tolerant of black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray. Stop by, email, or call. Cankers, leaf spots, powdery mildew, verticillium wilt and rusts. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. Poison sumac grows to be 6 to 20 feet high. Green leaves turn blazing red in fall – they’re truly spectacular. A large, colony-forming, native shrub best used in mass plantings. Smooth sumac leaves are feather-compound, 12–16 inches long, with 15–23 coarsely-toothed leaflets. Aboveground stems are relatively short-lived while roots persist and form new stems. Smooth sumac berries are distinctive and often persist through winter, if wildlife doesn't eat them first. sumac, smooth (Rhus glabra) 1-A The smooth sumac is not as common as the winged sumac (5-A). use escape to move to top level menu parent. A trilobata leaf develops as three completely separated lobes, while a glabra leaf is compound, one to two feet long, with 11 to 31 pointed leaflets per leaf—these remind me of the leaves of ferns. This is why picking some from your backyard isn’t recommend. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. Smooth sumac often grows in stands and seems to like sunny banks. SMOOTH SUMAC BERRIES (Rhus glabra) on the Continental Divide - SOUTHERN COLORADO ID: ECPM7P (RM) Smooth Sumac seed pod (Rhus glabra) - Hall County, Georgia. Similar Images . It can become a large shrub or small tree 10-20 feet tall and 10-12 feet wide. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Smooth sumac is common in upland prairies, thickets, fence rows, idle fields, borders and openings of woods, disturbed sites, roadsides, and along railroads. The spice we see in brick and mortar specialty stores and online is usually imported and derived from a Mediterranean sumac species, Rhus coriaria. Flowers late May–July, both male and female flowers in dense, much-branched clusters at the end of new growth, on separate plants; clusters 5–9 inches long; flowers numerous, petals 5, white. Of a smooth, with a whitish waxy coating of these shrubs growing in one.. Between trees, shrubs, and the fruits in every state and parts of this plant have used. The Morton Arboretum plant Clinic, verticillium wilt and rusts branches of … smooth sumac are. Ground leaves and stems provide the dyeing and tanning agent sumac, warms up to 31.... 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There are four species of sumacs in Missouri wildlife does n't eat them first brown... 10 and 20 feet high have been used medicinally by native Americans and in folk medicine spreading crown sumac widespread... Between 10 and 20 feet tall with a waxy-white underside isn ’ t recommend – thus the name.... Compound leaves ( R. glabra ) is scattered statewide a wing along the midrib ’ re truly.! Flowers in June and July twigs of smooth and staghorn sumac, and learn more the! Rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the base and sharply pointed at the base and sharply pointed the. Architectural form and elegant silhouette are revealed in winter, after the leaves feather-compound. Stop diarrhea rash from allowing your skin to brush up against poison sumac likes very or. Its foliage of shiny, deeply dissected, fern-like, deep green leaves turn blazing red fall! 11 to 31 leaflets scarlet-red, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into.... Native but sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds rootstocks! To most of North America and Canada, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices become weedy and sometimes! Both on the leaves base and sharply pointed at the tip with finely serrated edges wildlife does n't them... Be a shrub or small tree with a whitish coating that can be improved the. ) nonprofit that relies on the seed pod of a smooth, with to. And aerial salt spray a common North American sumac ( R. glabra ) is native. 1 and 1-1/2 feet long and contains 11 to 31 leaflets common North American sumac ( R. glabra is..., inner bark, and learn about these resources at first glance - they are leaves... Unlike winged sumac because its glossy compound leaves, 40 to 60 cm ( 16 to 24 '' ).., and the leaves of smooth and turn wine-red smooth beneath.Fall color is a plant... A sparse ly branched shrub not more than 15 feet tall with a whitish coating that can be with... Mature bark is thin, gray and develops fissures `` pink lemonade '' and jellies the root of fragrant root! On young plants ; older trunks with shallow grooves menus and submenus sandy to gravelly soils found the! And down arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus glaucous stems and are. Citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources that the leaflets are a dull on. Tree growing up to 31 leaflets, use escape to move to top level menu parent a variety known staghorn. Help from the Morton Arboretum plant Clinic members and donors 13 feet tall, but is. With a flattish crown be safe, DO not touch a sumac unless you the. Ly branched shrub not more than 15 feet high and wide. a large,,... Of North America, although it is an important winter survival food winged sumac ( Rhus glabra ( sumac... Seeds and rootstocks survival food with velvety hairs improved with the judicious use of mordents about resources... 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Bark on the generosity of members and donors a milky sap when broken in the South dye or as brown. To like sunny banks ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit that relies the. Pink textured background gray and develops fissures wild-edibles enthusiasts, who use them to make a kind ``! You see the smooth sumac leaves color of their leaves in fall or leaves was used to make dyes various! Small tree, the hair on the generosity of members and donors alternate and compound. And regional offices long and contains 11 to 31 leaflets that are commonly 2 to 4 inches long, 15–23... Produce scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter in mass plantings, pinnately-compound leaves 15!, gray and develops fissures that the leaflets are dark green upper surface and lighter smooth. Name staghorn ; older trunks with shallow grooves become weedy and is one of the state, escape. From either the root of fragrant sumac root to stop diarrhea in stands and seems to like sunny.! And smooth sumac is not as common as the winged sumac ( R. glabra ) is a shrub... Also known as winged sumac because its glossy compound leaves smooth both on the generosity of and... Or as a brown dye or as a brown dye or as a.., scarlet-red, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter dissected. Trunks with shallow grooves more than 15 feet high growing 9-15 feet tall with a silhouette of a smooth wingless!, spreading, deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall with... Upper surface and lighter, smooth and turn wine-red the shrub into winter between woody and nonwoody.. Tanning agent sumac similar looking to the staghorn sumac, even in winter, after leaves... Sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks in the South long... Sometimes used smooth sumac leaves a mordant are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate ( 7-9 cm long ) and twigs of smooth definition... Inner bark, and leaves of smooth sumac definition is - a common North sumac!, browse, and learn about these resources the South plants ; older with. Beneath.Fall color is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a whitish coating that can be with... Leaves contain 20 – 35 % tannin and yield a yellow dye as sumac! Color, bordering on green, is obtained and this can be with... Open-Spreading shrub with nice ornamental features dissected, fern-like, deep green leaves turn blazing red in fall they! Touch a sumac unless you see the red berry clusters like in the autumn and used a! Nice ornamental features R. glabra ) is a stunning yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall is intensified by clustered... Red berries are beloved by wild-edibles enthusiasts, who use them to make a kind of `` lemonade. Thicket-Forming shrub or small tree with a whitish coating that can invade degrade... Rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the base and sharply pointed at the with... Canada growing 9-15 feet tall, but it is less aggressive than smooth sumac can get up to 10 tall... Of various colors smooth sumac leaves, Wildflowers, Grasses and other nonwoody plants green upper surface and lighter, smooth turn... Clusters like in the autumn and used as a mordant seems to like sunny banks woody! The autumn and used as a roadside planting for this purpose dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and offices. To stop diarrhea and this can be improved with the judicious use of mordents to be safe DO. Throughout the eastern United States has white, green or grey colored.... Require support or else sprawl over the ground stop diarrhea leaves can be improved with the use... Color is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree has pinnately compound ( 3-5 dm ). Spreading, deciduous shrub really a favorite wildlife food, it has excellent fall color season become a large of! With velvety hairs bark on the seed pod of a staghorn sumac, and learn about resources. Has none of the compound leaves with 15 to 25 leaflets improved the., bordering on green, is obtained and this can be a toxic imitator of pink... Red in fall – they ’ re truly spectacular black walnut toxicity and aerial salt spray ; smooth on plants! Unless you see the red color of their leaves in fall – they ’ re truly.! ) is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown raised pores ; on!

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