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honduras history summary

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Beginning in the early 1900s, the United States became heavily involved in Honduras, including by deploying US soldiers, as US companies invested heavily in the banana industry, transforming Honduras into a so-called “banana republic.” Political turmoil and severe economic struggles based in large part on the country’s reliance on exports fueled a military revolt in 1957, which … For thousands of years indigenous peoples lived in Honduras. After becoming part of Spain’s vast empire in the kingdom of Guatemala, Honduras had … Five years later, Liberals in Honduras and elsewhere proved to be nationalists first and blocked an attempt by Guatemala to unify the isthmus by force. Columbus later sailed as far south as Panama. However, the first European to reach Honduras was Christopher Columbus on 30 July 1502. Honduras was first sighted by Europeans when Christopher Columbus arrived at the Bay Islands on 30 July 1502 on his fourth voyage. Honduras was once referred to as Spanish Honduras in order to distinguish it from British Honduras, which is now Belize. 102. Compassion-assisted children experience these realities daily. Gold stimulated Spanish conquest of the area early in the 16th century, and the Honduran gold-mining town of Gracias became the capital of Spanish Central America (the Audiencia de los Confines) in 1544. Honduras is a low middle-income country that faces major challenges, with more than 66 percent of the population living in poverty in 2016, according to official data. It also faces extreme poverty. Honduras, like six out of the seven countries in Central America, is Latino. Most of the great Classic-era (250 – 900 AD) Maya cities of the Petén Basin region, in the northern lowlands, had been abandoned by the year 1000 AD. Only after the discovery of gold and silver deposits in the 1540s was some order imposed on the region. Honduras has a diverse mix of people, thereby providing the country with an interesting variety of culture. A chronology of key events: 1502 - Christopher Columbus lands in Honduras. 1907-03-21 US sends troops to Honduras to halt the Nicaraguan army takeover 1907-11-13 The Conference of Central American States, convoked in response to the war between Honduras and Nicaragua, meets in Washington, D.C. to promote unification 1911-01-10 Honduras signs treaty turning over customs to US (not ratified) The story of life in Honduras begins back when humans were migrating down from North America into South America using Central America as a land bridge. A set of regulations referred to as Burnaby’s Code was formalized in 1765 and this, with some modification, continued until 1840 when an … The area became known as Honduras from the Spanish word for depths. The so-called Football War, or 100-Hour War, was fought between Honduras and El Salvador July 14-18, 1969 as a result of an intense soccer rivalry, though its root cause involved land and immigration. Contras (1981–90) Supported by: United States Israel Saudi Arabia Honduras Chile (since 1973) Brazil Paraguay Argentina (1961–83) Panama West Germany Pakistan Philippines Imperial State of Iran (until 1979) Islamic Republic of Iran (Indirectly, since 1979). A Short History of Honduras You are here: Countries / Honduras The Mayan civilization is an important part of the multi-ethnic pre-history of Honduras until its decline in the 19th century. Manuel Zelaya of the Liberal Party took over the presidency in 2006, after defeating the National Party’s candidate, rancher Porfirio Lobo Sosa, in the 2005 presidential election—one of the closest races in the country’s … The prochurch Conservatives in Honduras took control under Francisco Ferrera, who became the first constitutional president on January 1, 1841. However, the country has been facing high levels of poverty and inequality. In 1830 a Honduran Liberal, Francisco Morazán, became president of this federation, and for a decade he promoted Liberal policies that curtailed the traditional power and privileges of the clergy and increased agricultural exports. This led in 1911 and 1912 to something more serious than periodic revolutions. The waters on the Caribbean coast right next to Honduras are home to the second-largest coral reef … History of Honduras . Along the way, many ended up staying. Lopez resigned in 1974 but civilian rule was not restored until 1981. Gold stimulated Spanish conquest of the area early in the 16th century, and the Honduran gold-mining town of Gracias became the capital of Spanish Central America (the Audiencia de los Confines) in 1544. Columbus explored the country in 1502. The Spanish conquest of Honduras began in 1523. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It has coasts on both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Honduras is a Central American country with Caribbean Sea coastlines to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south.. A 48.3 percent of people live in poverty in the country (2018, with updated official … The largest and most developed of these were the Mayans. The history of Guatemala begins with the Maya civilization (2,000 BC – 250 AD), which was among those that flourished in their country. I have to do a project about a country and I chose HONDURAS my fave so this info is good and helpful. (For regional treatment, see pre-Columbian civilizations: Mesoamerican civilization; Latin America, history of; and Central America.). In the 1570s, a silver strike in the highlands brought a rush of prospectors to Honduras, resulting in the rise of an important population centre at Tegucigalpa, which competed thereafter, especially in the 18th century, with Comayagua. Nevertheless, Honduras remains a very poor country. In 1838, Honduras left the federation and became independent. The greatest of them was the Mayans. The greatest of them was the Mayans. Independence from Spain came in 1821 and from Mexico in 1823, when Honduras joined in the formation of the United Provinces of Central America. 2017-12-01 Honduras election: Army given more powers to quash unrest Honduras 3. 101. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. List View List. Situated in the Torrid Zone of the Americas, its coasts are bathed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean (Sea of the Antilles) and the Pacific Ocean (Gulf of Fonseca). Honduras joined the Federation of Central American States that included Guatemala, … The History of Modern Belize shows that settlers governed themselves under a system of basic democracy formally called the Public Meeting. In 1932 General Tiburcio Carias Andino was elected president of Honduras. pre-Columbian civilizations: Mesoamerican civilization. Honduras, with its capital at Comayagua and agriculture the base of its economy, was a province of that kingdom (audiencia) within the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Unfortunately, Honduras suffered badly when Hurricane Mitch struck in 1998. During his time in office, Honduras received debt relief and ratified the implementation of the Central America–Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA–DR) with the United States. Around 90 percent of the population is “Mestizo” (a mix of European and Latin American descent), and since it was a former Spanish colony, Roman Catholicism is still widely practiced. Its first half-century of existence was characterized by tensions between political factions. In the early 19th century the Spanish colonies in Central and South America gained their independence. In the first decade of the 20th century, Nicaraguan strongman José Santos Zelaya put Miguel Dávila into the Honduran presidency. In the early 19th century, Honduras gained independence from Spain and briefly became part of Mexico before joining the newly-formed United Provinces of Central America. After 1871 the ascendancy of Justo Rufino Barrios in Guatemala influenced a return to liberalism in Honduras, where Marco Aurelio Soto, a Liberal, assumed the presidency (1876). Conservative domination lasted until the 1870s, during which time the church regained its former position and the Honduran government signed a concordat (1861) with the Holy See in Rome. West of the pine savanna, in low valleys and on lower mountains, which are rainy all year, and on the low, rainy northern mountains are broad belts of dense evergreen … Honduras was given its name by Christopher Columbus, but … Once the dep… For thousands of years indigenous peoples lived in Honduras. When the Spanish arrived to colonize Honduras, the land was occupied by a variety of indigenous peoples, the most advanced of whom were the Maya. Plant and animal life. From 250AD to 900AD was the peak of the Mayan civilization. In general, the Liberals favoured republicanism, freer trade, less government regulation, removal of the Catholic clergy’s political and economic powers, and imitation of foreign models of development. Its people are Latino, for the most part, and so is the culture. Honduras became an independent country in 1838. On 14 August 1502 Columbus landed on the mainland near modern Trujillo. Honduras is a land of wild beauty. For long periods the Spanish utilized a soft defense against the Caribbean threat, falling back to the highlands and to the Pacific coastal areas, which were generally closer to their network of communication and transportation. The relationship didn’t last long, and in 1823, the same countries declared independence from Mexico and formed the Federal Republic of Central America. The area became known as Honduras from the Spanish word for depths. Honduras, with four other Central American nations, declared its independence from Spain in 1821 to form a federation of Central American states. The official name of the country is the Republic of Honduras.. Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua to the south by the Pacific Ocean, and to the north by the Caribbean Sea. 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